The ICT Lounge
Section 4.8:
Setting up a Small Network

In this section we will look at how you can set up and configure a small network of your own.

Key Concepts of this section:
Understand that you will need both hardware and software to create a network.
Know the different hardware and software needed to create the network.
Be able to explain the steps needed to create a small network.

How to set up and configure a small network
Key Words:
Wi-Fi, Bluetooth.
To set up a small network (of say 5 computers) that can share an internet connection, you would need the following:
A router will allow you to network all of your devices and share an internet connection.
A network interface card will let you connect any wired devices to the router.
A firewall is software that protects your device from potential threats on the internet.
Anti-virus sorftware will shield your networked devices against viruses.
You access the internet by entering your ISP login details into the router.
Access the internet through your preferred web browser.
And there you have it.... a small network.
If you were trying to set up a larger network, you would need to use more sophisiticated hardware and software than the types we are going to look at.

We will look at all of these and explain where they fit into the network:

What hardware will I need?
The hardware that we will need is listed below:
  • Computers or devices (laptops, desktop PC, tablets etc.)
  • Other network devices (printers scanners etc.)
  • A router/modem (so computers on the network can send data to each other)
  • Network interface cards (wired or wireless)
  • Network cables (so any devices with wired NEC's can plug into the router)
  • Telephone line/Cable line (to connect the network to a WAN/internet).

What software will I need?
The software that we will need is listed below:
  • A firewall (to help protect against hackers)
  • Anti-virus (to help keep the network virus-free)
  • A web browser (so computers connected to the network can use the web)
  • An email account.

What is an internet service provider (ISP)?
An ISP is a company that gives you access to the internet.

Internet service providers will charge you a monthly fee in return for internet access.

The amount you pay will vary depending how fast you want your connection to be.

Popular ISP's here in Bermuda include Logic and CableVision.

How does all of this fit together?
Once you have all of the harware/software and an internet service provider, creating the network is very straightforward.

The table below explains how:

Sign up and pay for an account with an internet service provider.
(Your ISP will usually supply you with a router/modem)

Connect the router/modem to one end of the telephone line or the cable line.

Plug the other end of the line into your telephone/cable box.

Connect cabled devices to the router using your network cable.
(This network cable will plug into the network interface card on the device and the ports on the router)

Connect wireless devices to the router using Wi-Fi.
(For ecah device, you will need to configure their settings and enter the password to access the router. Password is supplied by the ISP)

Install and configure a firewall and anti-virus software on each device that will form the network.
(These will protect your networked devices against hackers and viruses)

Configure the router with your internet login details supplied by the ISP.

Use the web browser installed on each of your networked devices to access the internet.


Click the above task and answer the questions about
how to set up a small network.

Please add your questions/comments below:


Links to Theory Units:
Links to Practical Units:
Section 11: File Management
Section 12: Images
Section 13: layout
Section 14: Styles
Section 15: Proofing
Section 16: Graphs and Charts
Section 17: Document Production
Section 18: Data Manipulation
Section 19: Presentations
Section 20: Data Analysis
Section 21: Website Authoring